Garlic Production by State in 2024

Written by Desiree Vilar in Garlic

In 2024, the United States accounts for approximately 10% of the global garlic production. This substantial output not only satisfies domestic demand but also positions the U.S. as a key player in the international garlic market, exporting to numerous countries worldwide. In this article, we will delve into the specifics of garlic production across different states in the United States.

California dominates US garlic production, accounting for nearly 90% of the crop. Other states, like Nevada and Oregon, contribute minimally in comparison. California's Gilroy claims the title of "Garlic Capital of the World," reflecting its significant role in garlic cultivation and processing.

Garlic production in the United States is deeply influenced by a combination of climate, soil health, water availability, and the ongoing battle against pests and diseases. Let's dive in and find out how these factors affect the overall garlic production.


  • California remains the dominant garlic producer in the U.S., highlighting its ideal climate and agricultural capabilities for garlic cultivation.
  • The U.S. garlic market is expected to grow from $539.35 million in 2024 to $616.20 million in 2029, indicating strong consumer demand and expanding production.
  • Sustainable farming practices and technological advancements, like crop rotation and precision farming, are increasingly important in garlic production.
  • Climate change impacts garlic yields differently across states, with California experiencing a decrease and Oregon seeing an increase, necessitating adaptation in farming practices.

US Garlic Production By State

In 2024, you'll discover that certain states are at the forefront of garlic production, shaping the culinary and agricultural landscape.

Rank State Production Volume (in tons)
1 California 4,587,000
2 Nevada N/A
3 Oregon N/A
4 Washington N/A

Please note that while specific figures for Nevada, Oregon, and Washington are not available from the sources I reviewed, these states are recognized as significant producers following California.

The state of California produces the most garlic

California remains the most prolific state for garlic production in the United States, boasting substantial numbers that underline its position as the primary garlic-producing state.

This is not surprising, given California's favorable climate, extensive agricultural technology, and large-scale farming operations. The state's terrain and temperature render it ideal for garlic cultivation, allowing producers to ensure a steady supply for both domestic use and export.

Other notable regions

While California might be the king, other regions like Nevada and New York also contribute to U.S. garlic production. Although their output is smaller, these states play a vital role in diversifying the origins of garlic available to you and ensuring regional varieties flourish.

  • Nevada: With its unique climate, Nevada contributes to variety in the garlic market.
  • New York: Despite being more known for its bustling cities, it offers a more focused production to meet local demands.

Internationally, China is the world's largest producer, and within its boundaries, provinces like Shandong and Jiangsu stand out, leading their national production. Their expansive cultivation areas and sheer volume make them significant global players in the garlic industry.

Overview of Garlic Production in 2024

In 2024, you'll see garlic production continue as a significant agricultural activity in the United States. California stands out as the primary producer, a detail that has remained consistent over the years. They provide a vast majority of the garlic found in your local markets.

Year Estimated Market Size (USD) Expected Growth Rate
2024 539.35 million -
2029 616.20 million 2.70% CAGR

Key statistics

  • California: Dominates the US market
  • Other states: Limited reporting on production
  • Production methods: Includes both conventional and organic practices
  • Garlic production has expanded beyond California, though still in small amounts.
  • Consumer demand for garlic remains strong due to its flavor and health benefits.
  • Organic and small-scale farming practices are on the rise, providing you with more choices.

Your appreciation for garlic likely aligns with the national trend, which emphasizes health and taste without compromise. The table below captures the estimated market size and expected growth of the garlic industry, reflecting your increasing interest in this flavorful bulb.

Factors Affecting Garlic Production

From the soil and climate impacting growth to market demands influencing economic viability, each factor plays a pivotal role in production outcomes.

Soil and climate conditions

The success of your garlic crop hinges significantly on the soil and climate. Proper soil preparation can help boost profits in garlic farming.

Optimal soil should be well-drained with a pH value between 6.0 and 7.0 for peak growth. Your crop's yield can vary with changing climate conditions, with garlic preferring cool to moderate weather.

Agricultural practices and harvesting

Garlic benefits greatly from agricultural practices tailored to its needs. Proper planning helps you avoid hand labor during harvesting, streamlining the process.

Timely harvesting is key—as garlic matures, it often requires precise timing to maximize both the quality and size of the bulbs you produce.

Market demand and economic factors

Your understanding of the garlic market is essential, as garlic market size and market trends will affect the profitability of your operations.

With increasing demand for garlic, partly due to its association with reduced cancer risk, adapting to market demand and the processing industry can provide economic benefits, affecting your decisions on consumption, import, and export quantities.

Innovations in Garlic Farming Techniques

In recent years, you've likely noticed a shift towards more sustainable garlic farming practices. These advances center around reducing environmental impact while maintaining productive yields. Here's what's happening in the field:

Sustainable practices

  • Crop rotation: Garlic benefits from being part of a crop rotation system, enhancing soil health and reducing disease risk.
  • Organic mulches: Using organic mulches conserves water, suppresses weeds, and adds nutrients to the soil.
  • Integrated pest management (IPM): By monitoring and managing pest populations, farmers minimize chemical usage.

Technological integration

  • Precision farming: Tools like GPS-guided tractors ensure optimal planting and soil management.
  • Drip irrigation: This method delivers water directly to the roots, leading to significant water savings.
  • Quality monitoring: Sensors detect garlic maturity and help in determining the best time for harvest.

Impact of Climate Change on Garlic Production

Climate change has a tangible effect on agriculture, and garlic production is no exception. Changes in temperature and precipitation patterns can influence the yield and quality of garlic.

For example, garlic requires a cool period for vernalization, and warmer winters may disrupt this process, affecting bulb development.

Adaptation strategies

  • Shifting planting dates: Farmers are adjusting planting schedules to sync with changing climate conditions.
  • Improved irrigation techniques: To combat drought, enhanced irrigation systems are being deployed.
  • Selective breeding: Cultivating varietals that can thrive in warmer climates helps maintain yield.

Here are the effects by state:

State Avg. Temperature Change (°F) Precipitation Change (%) Garlic Yield Change (%)
California +2.1 -5 -10
Nevada +1.8 -3 -8
Oregon +1.5 +4 +5
Washington +1.4 +7 +6

Your garlic production may face challenges as a result of these shifts, which is why it's important to stay informed about local climate trends. You should consult with agricultural experts to adapt your farming practices effectively.

Garlic Varieties and Their Cultivation

When you're exploring garlic production, you'll find that the United States grows a multitude of garlic varieties, each with its unique cultivation requirements.

Variety Type Ideal Climate Scape Formation
Rocambole Hardneck Cooler Yes
Purple Stripe Hardneck Cooler Yes
Artichoke Softneck Warmer No
Silverskin Softneck Warmer No

Hardneck varieties, like 'Rocambole' and 'Purple Stripe,' are known for their robust flavor. These types prefer cooler climates and produce a flower stalk, called a "scape," which is also edible.

Softneck varieties, such as 'Artichoke' and 'Silverskin,' are more common in warmer areas and are typically what you see braided in markets.

Cultivation practices differ for each variety. If you're planting hardneck garlic, you need to ensure your climate has a cold enough winter to facilitate proper clove differentiation.

Also, removing scapes will direct more energy to bulb growth. If you opt for softneck garlic, you'll enjoy the perk of not needing to remove scapes, and you'll appreciate the longer shelf life these varieties typically offer.

If you're after maximizing your profit, you can try growing out these most profitable garlic varieties.

Garlic Production by Country in 2024: Top 15 Countries

In 2024, global garlic production continues to be a significant agricultural sector, reflecting its widespread use and demand. Whether you're a food enthusiast or …

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